Dig a hole 45cm wide and 45cm deep. Break up the sides of the hole to loosen any compacted soil. This will make it easier for the roots to grow beyond the hole. Do not add fertilizer or manure to the hole as this can burn the roots..
Place the tree in the centre of the hole with the graft union approximately 6-8cm above ground level. This is about a fist from the ground to the graft union.
Begin backfilling hole with soil that was taken out of the original hole. Fill 6cm at a time while tamping down soil between layers to make sure there are no air pockets around roots. Fill the hole to the original ground level. If there is any soil left over, build a raised circle approximately 90cm in diameter around the tree to keep water in. You may place mulch inside the circle to help protect the roots and help with water retention, just make sure the mulch does not touch the tree trunk.
Once the tree is planted, water it right away to ensure roots stay moist. A newly planted tree should receive water at least once a week during the growing season. If rain is not adequate, each tree should receive 12-15 liters of water per week.
Blueberries will perform best in a sunny, weed free location. For best production, at least 2 varieties should be planted for cross-pollination. Any combination of varieties will work. Many growers plant 2 or 3 varieties with different ripening dates so that they can enjoy a longer harvest time.
No crop is picked in the first 2 years. In the 3rd year the plant will produce approximately 25% of mature production, and in the 4th year, about 65%. You can expect your first full crop of blueberries between the 5th and 7th year. Blueberries like moist soil with good surface drainage. Plant the bushes in early spring as soon as the soil can be worked. You can space the plants 4’ apart in rows 10’ apart.
Remove fruit buds, either before or soon after setting the plants. Keep the area close to the base of the plant clean by trimming off all small side branches as this will promote a sturdy plant. Fruit will ripen faster on a plant that has been moderately pruned. Prune the plants annually after the leaves have dropped when the plant is dormant.
- Plant spacing 4-6” from each other in the same row.
- Each row should be 18-24” apart from each other.
- Do not cover crown of the plant
- Water well the first few days & keep weed free
- Train runner in row or let them spread freely
Make sure to follow the recommended spacing, strawberry plants spread quickly in order to fill in the space. When you are planting the individual plants, it is crucial that you do not cover the crown of the plant. The actual plant is very small, measuring about 1-2” in size, while the root system will be about 6-8” long. When planting the plant, dig a hole 8-10,” deep enough to cover all the roots. The plant should be watered daily in its first week being planted in order to promote root development. The plant will not grow until the roots have sent out new fibrous roots. The runners can either be trained to run in the row or they can be allowed to cover over the whole area. Weed control is of the upmost importance in order to maintain a healthy plant and bear a nice crop in the spring.